So, you've read my book and want to know about litigation consulting. Think of a dispute between two companies (i.e., when one company is wronged by another through a patent infringement). They file a claim against another company requesting financial compensation for the "wronged" act. A litigation consultant will analyze financial statements and projected earnings to determine the worth or impact of the act to the plantiff company. An expert report that details and supports the financial damages would be produced to the court.